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The recent evolution in migration patterns around the world
World Migration: new destinations ?
In 2005, 191 million people were considered international migrants. According to the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, in 2009 this number jumped to 214 million. If this growth doesn’t change, in 2050 international migrants numbers could be around 405 million people, according the “World Migration Report 2010”. International migration, once characterized by emerging countries nationals going to developed countries, has also seen a reverse trend as nationals from developed countries start to challenge themselves by migrating to developing countries.
This latter migration movement is small compared to former, but still cannot be ignored. 13.7% of the international migration is from North to South countries. One of the destinations of the 13.7% migrants is located in South America: Brazil.
The country who hosted the “World Cup of the World Cups” was originally a potential destination for migrants until the 1960’s. After that, mainly for economic reasons, many Brazilians have left their country: from 2003 to 2007, around 93,000 Brazilians per year migrated to Europe. This stopped in 2008, when, for the first time in 50 years, Brazil returned to the statistics as a destination for international migration. Thanks to the strengthening of South-South economic relations, some of the BRIC countries didn’t feel the effect of crises as much as compared to the U.S. and Europe. With a growing economy and eager to have high skilled professionals, Brazil has once again become an option for the nationals of developed countries.
As mentioned, this example is only part of the smallest migration movement we have in the world. If this is the most uncommon, which is the most common movement?
South-South migration is the most common (36%), followed by South-North migration (35%). South-South is the most common, but there was an increase from 40 to 82 million migrants from South to North countries in the period from 1990 to 2013. As for North-North migration, it seems that they tend to migrate to a country within their region of birth, e.g. same continent.
Of course there are plenty of reasons to migrate, and some of them aren’t the nicest ones. If you are one of the lucky people who can migrate just because you want to, celebrate your freedom. We hope that these numbers inspire you to pursue your dreams. A lot of people are migrating. Let’s make this world more global every day! We can be part of this historical moment and help the world to rethink its boundaries.