Job Opportunity in Germany
■ Work visa
According to official websites, citizens of the European Union, as well as citizens of the United States of America, Australia, Canada, Israel, Japan, New Zealand, Switzerland, the Republic of Korea can apply for their residence permit for work purposes after entering Germany without a visa. Citizens of other countries are required to apply and obtain a visa for work purposes before entering Germany. For non EU-citizens, there are three residence permits for work purposes: general employment, specialist professional, self-employed
Even as an international student, you will be able to find a part-time job. According to immigration law, foreign students are authorized to work. The period is limited to 120 days or 240 half days.
■ Employment upon graduation
It is better to start finding a job before you finish your studies. Still, as a student from non-EU countries, you are allowed to remain in Germany for the purpose of looking for an employment for a maximum of 18 months after graduating.
You can find job opportunities and vacancies in specific media such as the Verband Deutscher Ingenieure, the Verband der Elektrotechnik or by consulting the websites of industry associations.
■ Work environment
You should know that there is a clear separation between work and family in Germany. The atmosphere at work is very business-like, and colleagues will only share small talks rather than having casual conversation. Age and position in the company tended to be the key factors for the use of formal/familiar language. Managers and persons considerably older were not addressed in the familiar unless that person offered his/her interlocutor to do so.
For the dress code, unless you’re told otherwise, stick to the conservative side, especially in finance or insurance. Men wear a dark suit with a white or light-blue shirt and a tasteful tie. Women go for a pantsuit or a blazer/skirt combination in black, navy, or beige, with a simple blouse or elegant shirt. Employees at a lower hierarchical level or without customer contact may dress less formally. Mostly, it depends on your company. Just choose your clothes accordingly to what you colleagues are wearing and you’ll be fine.
■ Outplacement rate
The actual unemployment rate in Germany is 5,10% and 7,8% for young people.